Gaza Jericho Agreement 1994

The Protocol on Economic Relations (Paris Protocol) and the establishment of the Palestinian Civil Police were among the other parts of the agreement. The Paris Protocol governs economic relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, but in fact integrates the Palestinian economy into the Israeli economy. [4] Over time, the timetables set out in the agreement have not been met, Israel`s redistributions have slowed down, and new agreements have been negotiated. Israeli critics of the deal claimed that “land for peace” was actually “land for nothing.” The Gaza-Jericho accords, officially called the Gaza Strip and Jericho Territory Agreements, succeeded the Oslo I Agreement, which struck details on Palestinian autonomy. [1] The agreement is commonly known as the 1994 Cairo Agreement. It was adopted on 4 Jasser Arafat and the then Israeli Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rabin, signed on 1 May 1994. The agreement was incorporated into the Oslo II Accords and replaced by it, officially known as the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip of 24 and 28 September 1995 (Oslo II, Article XXXI, Final Provisions). [5] The Gaza-Jericho agreement, signed that day in history, focused on four main themes: security agreements, civil affairs, legal affairs and economic relations. It was an Israeli military withdrawal of about 60 percent from the Gaza Strip (Jewish settlements and their surroundings excluded) and the West Bank city of Jericho, a country conquered by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War. The Palestinians agreed to fight terrorism and prevent violence in the famous “Land for Peace” agreement. The document also contained an agreement to delegate the authority of the Israeli Civil Administration to the newly established Palestinian Authority, its jurisdiction and legislative powers, a Palestinian police force and relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The agreement was concluded in accordance with the Oslo Accords signed in Washington, D.C on 13 September 1993.

It was the first direct and personal agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, and it recognized Israel`s right to exist. It was also designed as a framework for future relations between the two sides. The agreement provided for limited Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank and Gaza Strip within five years. Under the agreement, Israel promised to withdraw partially from the Jericho area of the West Bank and partly from the Gaza Strip within three weeks of signing. [2] The Palestinian Authority was created by the agreement (Article III, delegation of authority) and Yasser Arafat became the first pa president on July 5, 1994, after the PA`s formal inauguration. [3] Israeli forces withdrew from Jericho on May 13 and most of the Gaza Strip from May 18 to 19, 1994. Police and Palestinian Authority officials immediately took control. In the early days, there was a deluge of attacks against Israeli troops and civilians in and around the Gaza Strip.

Arafat himself arrived in Gaza on July 1 for a chaotic and hectic reception. Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat sign Palestinian autonomy agreements The momentum towards peaceful relations between Israel and the Palestinians was seriously shaken by the outbreak of the Palestinian insurgency in 2000, known as the “Second Intifada.” The process continued to weigh after Hamas came to power in the 2006 Palestinian elections. . .