Sebastian Oberthur (Germany) held informal consultations which resulted in three draft texts. One of these texts should be subject to further consideration by the contact group that is conducting the second revision of the protocol in accordance with Article 9, since the issue of privileges and immunities is linked to this broader review. This text dealt with short- and long-term agreements and was to be included in a draft decision as part of the Article 9 revision. However, this draft decision was never adopted due to the lack of agreement on other aspects of the review. The use of public transport is recommended not only because of rush hour traffic jams, but also because of the low cost. As a result, public transport is popular with the people of Poznan. For more information, see mpk.poznan.pl. One year after the historic Bali climate change conference, negotiators are halfway through the Bali Roadmap, which launched a two-year process to strengthen international cooperation on climate change. In retrospect, four meetings and discussions on key elements of the future regime progressed in 2008.
However, the pressure is mounting for the remaining 12 months: serious negotiations must begin as soon as possible in 2009 to reach an agreement in Copenhagen next December. The G-77/CHINE insisted that the parties` direct access to financing be operational by giving the Board of Directors the legal capacity to implement contracts and finance projects. The EU has warned against making decisions on legal status at this stage. Along with other industrialized countries, the EU also supported a feasibility study on the legal issues raised in the Committee`s report. However, no agreement was reached and the matter was forwarded for consideration at the ministerial level. Ministers finally agreed to give the Board of Directors the legal capacity to allow parties direct access to the Fund. The European Union and others at the conference tried to underline their ongoing commitment to the fight against climate change by saying that a transition to a low-carbon society not only entails costs, but also significant economic opportunities. However, in parallel with the Poznao conference, lengthy negotiations have taken place on the EU`s climate and energy package aimed at achieving a 20% reduction in emissions by 2020, leading some to question whether the EU`s leadership on climate policy is being undermined. On the last day of the Poznan conference, delegates welcomed the news that an agreement had been reached in Brussels on the EU package, although some NGOs criticised concessions made to secure compromise. The package for the period 2013-2020 contains rules for the third phase of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), sets the various emission targets for EU Member States in sectors not covered by the ETS and sets a target of 20% for renewable energy, a 10% target for biofuels and a 20% target for improving energy efficiency by 2020. The task of the AWG-LCA for 2009 will not be easy. The group will have to reach an agreement on the four building blocks and a common vision.
It is the only forum in which all countries, including the United States and developing countries, have discussions on combating climate change. For this reason, negotiations on a comprehensive long-term objective, on the comparability of efforts by developed countries and LNMs in the fight against climate change, should be crucial in the context of appropriate national measures to contain developing countries. It is important that LRMs also apply to support to developing countries through technology, financing and capacity building, so it is necessary to find ways to do so.