The need for GSOMIA was felt amid a growing threat from North Korea, particularly when it began conducting nuclear tests and developing ballistic missiles. The agreement was finally signed in November 2016. The U.S. interest in the agreement comes from the need to forge alliances in the Northeast to analyze and respond to all threats from North Korea. It is significant that China may perceive that GSOMIA is an attempt by the trilateral alliance between the United States, Japan and South Korea to contain Beijing and thus maintain some opposition between this trilateral alliance and the China-North Korea-Russia alliance. South Korea`s national security chief on Sunday accused Japan of deliberately distorting details of its negotiations on maintaining a bilateral secret service agreement. At a press conference in Busan, Chung Eui-yong, director of the National Security Bureau of the Blue House, expressed “deep regret” for the alleged distortion, … He said the Japanese government had “expressed its understanding” but warned that the agreement could be “ended at any time.” GSOMIA is alive, but what about relations between Japan and South Korea? In August, South Korea announced that it would denounce the information exchange agreement and Japan lifted South Korea`s preferred trading partner status and imposed export controls on its electronics sector. The idea of an exchange of information between Japan and South Korea was first proposed by Japan and South Korea in the 1980s. In 2012, both countries were expected to sign GSOMIA, but this was not due to public outrage in South Korea against the agreement.
On Friday, South Korea said it would suspend the expiration “under certain conditions,” with national security officer Kim You-geun confirming that GSOMIA should not run until midnight. As two major U.S. allies in Northeast Asia, the two appear to have a very strong basis for cooperation. Japan and South Korea are prosperous democracies with long-standing security alliances with the United States in a region full of potential threats. The move was welcomed by the United States, which had asked the two countries to settle their differences. The General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) will be automatically renewed on November 23, unless Seoul announces plans to remove it by Monday. The Abe-Moon talks and Seoul`s donation plan could lead to improved relations, observers say South Korea says it will pursue a military intelligence pact with Japan, threatened by a long-running dispute. Bilateral relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (here after South Korea) are currently the worst since the normalization of relations between the two countries in 1965. The disintegration of the General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) in August 2019 is the most recent and important manifestation of this bilateral Rancors. Japan and South Korea will take on new pages and question whether relations between U.S. allies will improve after reaching a last-minute deal to salvage an expiring intelligence-sharing pact.
South Korea decided on Friday to suspend plans to end an intelligence pact with Japan under pressure from the United States. Earlier, South Korea had decided to denounce the Secret Service Security Pact, the General Security Of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA), by 22 November, unless Japan decided to review its export control measures.